About the Commission
The mission of the Arkansas Ethics Commission is to serve as the compliance and enforcement agency under Arkansas’ standards of conduct and disclosure laws concerning candidates for public office, state and local public officials, lobbyists and committees, and individuals involved with initiatives, referenda and other matters referred to the voters.
The Commission promotes openness and accountability in government through a balanced approach to its statutory duties of interpreting, investigating compliance with and issuing sanctions for proven violations of Arkansas’ ethics and public disclosure laws.
The Arkansas Ethics Commission was established in 1991 as a result of the voters’ approval of Initiated Act I of 1990. The Commission is made up of five members who serve five-year staggered terms and are appointed by the Governor, the Lieutenant Governor, the Attorney General, the President Pro Tempore of the Senate, and the Speaker of the House, respectively. Members of the Commission serve without compensation, but may receive reimbursement for expenses incurred in the performance of their official duties.
The Commission’s staff is composed of:
4 Staff Attorneys
3 Directors of Compliance
1 Systems Administrator
1 Fiscal Officer
1 Administrative Assistant
The Commission’s authorities and responsibilities are set out in Ark. Code Ann. §§ 7-6-217 and 218, and include: (1) drafting or reviewing and approving disclosure forms used by public officials, lobbyists, political action committees, candidates for office, and ballot and legislative question committees; (2) monitoring compliance with disclosure requirements; (3) issuing advisory opinions interpreting the ethics laws assigned to its jurisdiction; (4) investigating alleged violations of the law and determining whether a violation has occurred; (5) holding monthly public meetings and conducting public hearings; (6) issuing disciplinary action for violations of the law, or referring its findings to a prosecuting attorney for criminal proceedings; (7) answering questions regarding Arkansas ethics laws on a daily, informal basis; (8) preparing and distributing educational materials for candidates, elected and appointed officials, lobbyists, political action committees, and ballot and legislative question committees; (9) maintaining report files on all ballot question and legislative question committees registering in accordance with the Disclosure Act for Public Initiatives, Referenda and Measures Referred to Voters and (10) responding to questions and requests for documents under the FOIA.
INFORMATION FOR PUBLIC GUIDANCE
The following was first posted online on June 30, 2003, in compliance with the Arkansas Freedom of Information Act of 2001:
The Arkansas Ethics Commission was established in 1991 as a result of the passage of Initiated Act 1 of 1990. The Commission is comprised of five Commissioners who enforce certain ethics, conflicts of interest, lobbying, campaign, campaign finance, and ballot question laws within the State of Arkansas. Specifically, the Commission has jurisdiction over the following:
- Sections 28, 29, and 30 of Article 19 of the Arkansas Constitution;
- Ark. Code Ann. § 3-8-701 et seq. (entitled “Disclosure Act for Initiative Proceedings”);
- Ark. Code Ann. § 7-1-103(a)(1)-(4), (6) and (7) (concerning “Elections”);
- Ark. Code Ann. § 7-6-201 et seq. (entitled “Campaign Financing”);
- Ark. Code Ann. § 7-9-401 et seq. (entitled “Disclosure Act for Public Initiatives, Referenda, and Measures Referred to Voters”);
- Ark. Code Ann. § 19-11-718 (concerning “Special State Employees – Conflicts of Interest”)
- Ark. Code Ann. § 21-1-401 et seq. (concerning “Constitutional Officers and Their Spouses”);
- Ark. Code Ann. § 21-8-301 through § 21-8-903 (referred to as “The Disclosure Act for Lobbyists and State and Local Officials”);
- Ark. Code Ann. § 21-8-1001 et seq. (pertaining to “State Boards, Commissions, and Entities Receiving State Funds”); and
- Ark. Code Ann. § 23-115-501(e) and § 23-115-601(j) (concerning “Arkansas Scholarship Lottery Act” vendor/retailer gift/compensation prohibition).
Members of the Commission serve five-year terms and are appointed one each by the Governor, the Lieutenant Governor, the Attorney General, the President Pro Tempore of the Senate, and the Speaker of the House. Commission members serve without compensation, but may receive reimbursement for expenses incurred in the performance of their official duties.
The Commission’s staff consists of a director, four staff attorneys, three directors of compliance, one fiscal officer, one systems administrator, and one administrative assistant, who are responsible for general administration and operation of the Commission’s office. This staff may make office administrative procedure, act as spokesman for the Commission, receive correspondence and correspond on behalf of the Commission, provide legal and other research to the Commission, investigate allegations of violations of laws under the Commission’s jurisdiction, and perform such other functions as the Commission deems appropriate. The Commission’s Rules of Practice and Procedure govern all proceedings before the Commission and are applicable to any complaints filed with the Commission.
The Commission’s authorities and responsibilities are set out in Ark. Code Ann. §§ 7-6-217 and 218. Functions performed by the Commission include: (1) drafting or reviewing and approving disclosure forms, instructions, and calendars used by public officials, lobbyists, political action committees, candidates for office, and ballot and legislative question committees; (2) monitoring compliance with disclosure requirements; (3) issuing advisory opinions concerning the ethics laws under its jurisdiction; (4) investigating alleged violations of the ethics laws and determining whether a violation has occurred; (5) holding monthly public meetings and conducting public hearings; (6) issuing disciplinary action for violations of the law, or referring its finding to a prosecuting attorney for criminal proceedings; (7) answering questions regarding the statutes under its jurisdiction on a daily, informal basis; (8) preparing and distributing instructional and educational materials and conducting training sessions for candidates, elected and appointed officials, lobbyists, political action committees, and ballot and legislative question committees; (9) maintaining files on all ballot question and legislative question committees registered in accordance with the Disclosure Act for Public Initiatives, Referenda, and Measures Referred to Voters; (10) promulgating rules and regulations to implement and administer the statutes under its jurisdiction; (11) responding to questions and requests for documents under the Freedom of Information Act (“FOIA”); (12) making information publicly accessible in an electronic form via the internet; and (13) implementing and maintaining a reminder notice program.
The Commission’s office is located at 501 Woodlane Street Suite 301N, Little Rock, Arkansas. Its telephone numbers are (501) 324-9600 and (800) 422-7773. The Commission’s mailing address is Post Office Box 1917, Little Rock, Arkansas 72203-1917. Its electronic mail and internet addresses are ContactUs@ArkansasEthics.com and www.arkansasethics.com. Persons may obtain access to public records of the Commission by visiting its office, viewing its website, or submitting a request for records.
The following is a list and general description of the Commission’s records:
- Commission meeting records, including agenda, written minutes, and audio tapes of the meetings.
- Case files, including correspondence, complaints, and records of the investigation.
- Final action letters setting forth the Commission’s final action in cases before the Commission and the reasons for such action.
- Public letters of sanction, including letters of caution, warning, and reprimand.
- Records related to fines imposed by the Commission.
- Advisory opinions issued by the Commission on its own initiative or in response to written requests setting forth inquiries into matters under its jurisdiction.
- Ballot and legislative question committee records filed with the Commission, including: statements of organization, financial reports, and notices of dissolution.
- Forms and instructions published by the Commission for candidates, lobbyists, political action committees, ballot and legislative question committees, and other persons subject to the Commission’s jurisdiction.
- Records related to reminder notices prepared by the Commission including databases of public officials, candidates for public office, state boards and commissions, lobbyists, and political action committees.
- Records of review exercises, including memoranda and corrective action letters.
- Records related to training sessions conducted by the Commission’s staff including training materials and databases of newspapers in Arkansas.
- Rules promulgated by the Commission concerning campaign finance, lobbyist registration and reporting, gifts, and proceedings before the Commission.
- Records related to the administration of the Commission’s office, including (i) lease agreements: office space and equipment; (ii) financial records: budget information, payroll records, and invoices; (iii) employee records: personnel files, time sheets, and leave requests; and (iv) records relating to office equipment: inventories, meter readings of copiers and postage equipment, etc.
Ark. Code Ann. § 7-6-218(b)(3)(B) contains a statutory exemption which affects FOIA requests to the Ethics Commission. Under that exemption, the Commission is required to keep all proceedings, records, and transcripts of any investigations or inquiries confidential unless (i) the respondent requests disclosure of documents, (ii) a public hearing is held in accordance with Ark. Code Ann. § 7-6-218(b)(2), or (iii) judicial review of a Commission decision is sought pursuant to Ark. Code Ann. § 25-15-212. Ark. Code Ann. §7-6-218(b)(3)(C) provides that all records relevant to an investigation and upon which the Commission has based its decision shall become open to public inspection thirty (30) days after any final adjudication in which the Commission makes a finding of a violation.
| Alice L. Eastwood – Vice Chairman
Alice Eastwood, Senior Director, Walmart International Ethics, is responsible for providing Ethics programs leadership, oversight, and obstacle removal for Walmart’s 11 international markets. She provides consultation for market-led complex case management and ethics opinions to ensure compliance with Walmart’s Statement of Ethics. Ms. Eastwood recently completed an expatriate assignment in Shenzhen, China from 2014-2015, where she led the Ethics program for Walmart Global Sourcing and Leverage. While in China, she partnered with Responsible Sourcing and led the overhaul of Walmart’s factory/supplier integrity program. Prior to this role, Ms. Eastwood served for two years as Director of Strategic Planning, Global Security, where she led the development of security governance for the enterprise and was responsible for providing strategic plan recommendations. She also served as Senior Manager, Strategic Projects, Global Security, Aviation and Travel and managed high-priority divisional process improvement and change management initiatives. Before joining Walmart in February 2009, Ms. Eastwood served as Legal Counsel and Program Manager to the Arkansas State Police for six years, where she overhauled the commission and civilian policy manuals and drafted the department’s legislative package and annual reports. She represented the department before the Arkansas Claims Commission and other state agencies and managed federal litigation handled by the Attorney General’s Office. Ms. Eastwood also practiced law as an associate attorney at Newland & Associates PLLC in Little Rock, Arkansas. Ms. Eastwood is a graduate of the University of Arkansas at Little Rock William H. Bowen School of Law and holds a BA in Public Administration from Henderson State University. She is a certified mediator of Arkansas Circuit Courts Civil and Probate Division. Ms. Eastwood is a member of the Arkansas Bar Association, Bentonville Noon Rotary Club, UALR and Bowen Law School Alumni Associations.
Term began in 2017.
|Lori Klein – Commissioner
Lori Klein is an Assistant Professor of Political Science and Public Administration at Harding University in Searcy. She is a graduate of Florida State University, with a Bachelor’s in Social Work and a Master’s in Public Administration. Before she moved to Arkansas, Professor Klein worked as a Legislative Analyst for the Florida House of Representatives. She spent time as staff in the Appropriations Committee, the Finance and Tax Committee, and the Environmental Regulations Committee. Professor Klein provided budgetary and legislative analysis to the Department of Business Regulations, and she served as a Senior Management Analyst for the Governor’s Office of Planning and Budgeting. Professor Klein currently teaches American National Government, Public Administration, Public Policy, and Arkansas, State and Local Government. She received a Harding University Teacher Achievement Award in 2014. She co-sponsors the Pi Sigma Alpha National Political Science Honor Society, and sits on the Faculty Welfare Committee. She serves on the board of the Arkansas Political Science Association.
Term began in 2018.
|Scott Irby – Commissioner
Scott Irby is a partner with Wright, Lindsey, and Jennings in Little Rock. He has a trial-oriented practice and focuses his attention on mass torts, complex commercial litigation, products liability, intellectual property, and real property disputes. Mr. Irby has served as lead trial counsel, in both state and federal courts, representing individuals and companies alike. Mr. Irby began his professional legal career as law clerk to Senior United States District Judge G. Thomas Eisele. After two years with Judge Eisele, he joined Wright Lindsey Jennings and has developed a reputation as an exceptional and respected litigator. Some of Mr. Irby’s more recent experience includes:
Mr. Irby is a member of the Arkansas and Pulaski County Bar Associations and the Arkansas Association of Defense Counsel. In 2014 and 2015, Chambers USA recognized Irby as an “Up and Coming” attorney for his work in general litigation. He is recognized by Mid-South Super Lawyers in Class Action and Mass Tort, and is a Benchmark Litigation “Future Star.”
Term began in 2020.
|Denese Fletcher – Commissioner
Since 1997, Denese R. Fletcher has practiced law as a domestic and civil trial attorney with expertise in criminal defense in juvenile, district, circuit and federal courts. She served as an Arkansas Deputy Public Defender from 2001 to 2009 and she served as a defense attorney for the U.S. Criminal Justice Act Panel from 1997 to 2014. Ms. Fletcher also worked as a Deputy Prosecuting Attorney for Pulaski County in the early 90’s. Ms. Fletcher received her juris doctor from the University of Arkansas at Little Rock School of Law and her bachelor of arts from the University of Arkansas at Little Rock. She currently serves as President of the W. Harold Flowers Law Society, on the Board of Advisors for the Arkansas Regional Organ Recovery Agency (ARORA) and for over 10 years, she has served as a Girl Scouts Brownie Troop Leader at the St. Mark Baptist Church in Little Rock. Ms. Fletcher is also a member of Alpha Kappa Alpha Sorority, Inc. where she currently chairs the HBCU For Life Committee which promotes HBCUs throughout the state of Arkansas.
Term began in 2020.
| Wendy Johnson- Commissioner
Ms. Johnson joined RMP LLP as a Partner in July 2019. With over 12 years of experience as an Assistant United States Attorney, where she served as First Assistant United States Attorney, and eight years as a state Deputy Prosecuting Attorney, Ms. Johnson provides clients a vast understanding of the enforcement functions of federal and state governmental and regulatory agencies. Ms. Johnson co-leads the Investigations and Corporate Compliance practice area, where she advises clients in all significant areas of governmental investigations, compliance, white collar crime, large-scale corporate internal investigations, and complex tax investigations. Ms. Johnson is a distinguished litigator, having tried many jury trials at both the state and federal levels and having argued numerous cases before the Eighth Circuit Court of Appeals.
Term began in 2021.